A window represents the final destination where the application's rendered output gets displayed to the user. It has a title, size and a position. Window can cover the entirety of the user's screen (fullscreen mode) or just part of it (windowed mode). In Banshee a window is represented using the RenderWindow class.

Render window

Primary window

When we initialized the application by calling Application::startUp in a previous chapter a primary window was created for us by default. You can access this window through Application::getPrimaryWindow().

SPtr<RenderWindow> primaryWindow = gApplication().getPrimaryWindow();

gApplication() is just a shortcut for Application::instance() we used earlier.

Creating windows

You can also create your own windows by filling out the RENDER_WINDOW_DESC structure and calling RenderWindow::create().

desc.videoMode = VideoMode(1280, 720);
desc.fullscreen = false;
desc.title = "Helper window".
// Creates a new non-fullscreen window with size 1280x720, at the center of the screen
SPtr<RenderWindow> newWindow = RenderWindow::create(desc);

Destroying windows

You can destroy a window by calling RenderWindow::destroy().


Do not destroy the primary window, as it will result in undefined behaviour.

Manipulating windows

Window size can be changed by calling RenderWindow::resize().

newWindow->resize(1920, 1080);

And they can be moved by calling RenderWindow::move(). Movement is not relevant for windows in fullscreen mode.

newWindow->move(0, 0); // Move to top right of the screen

If you wish to switch from windowed to fullscreen mode call RenderWindow::setFullscreen().

newWindow->setFullscreen(VideoMode(1920, 1080));

And if you wish to switch from fullscreen to windowed call RenderWindow::setWindowed().

newWindow->setWindowed(1280, 720);

Window properties

You can access current properties of the window, like its size and position, by calling RenderWindow::getProperties, which returns a RenderWindowProperties object. For example let's print out current window's size:

auto& props = newWindow->getProperties();
gDebug().logDebug(toString(props.getWidth()) + " x " + toString(props.getHeight()));

Window events

Sometimes you might want to be notified if the user resizes the window externally, in which case use the RenderWindow::onResized event.

void notifyResized()
gDebug().logDebug("Window was resized.");

RenderWindow::onResized is an example of an event. They are explained later in the event manual.

Video modes

During window creation and calls to RenderWindow::setFullscreen we have seen the use of the VideoMode class. This class allows you to specify the resolution of the window, along with an optional refresh rate and output monitor (in case of multi-monitor setups, to choose on which monitor to show the window).

You can create your own VideoMode with custom parameters (as we did so far), or you can query for all video modes supported by the user's GPU by calling RenderAPI::getVideoModeInfo(). This will return a VideoModeInfo object that contains information about all available monitors, their supported resolutions and refresh rates.

An example on how to use the video mode enumeration to set a window to fullscreen mode using the user's desktop resolution of the primary monitor:

VideoModeInfo videoModeInfo = RenderAPI::getVideoModeInfo();
VideoOutputInfo primaryMonitorInfo = videoModeInfo.getOutputInfo(0); // 0th monitor is always primary

An example to make a window fullscreen on a secondary monitor if one is available:

VideoModeInfo videoModeInfo = RenderAPI::getVideoModeInfo();
UINT32 numOutputs = videoModeInfo.getNumOutputs();
if(numOutputs > 1)
VideoOutputInfo secondaryMonitorInfo = videoModeInfo.getOutputInfo(1);

And an example how to enumerate and print all available resolutions on the primary monitor:

VideoModeInfo videoModeInfo = RenderAPI::getVideoModeInfo();
VideoOutputInfo primaryMonitorInfo = videoModeInfo.getOutputInfo(0);
UINT32 numVideoModes = primaryMonitorInfo.getNumVideoModes();
for (UINT32 i = 0; i < numVideoModes; i++)
const VideoMode& curVideoMode = primaryMonitorInfo.getVideoMode(i);
String videoModeString = toString(curVideoMode.getWidth()) + " x " + toString(curVideoMode.getHeight()) + " at " + toString(curVideoMode.getRefreshRate()) + "Hz";